The department of Hematology at Xiangya Hospital was founded in 1963 by Zhenyuan Qi, a famous hematologist in China. Our department has experienced a long-term developmental process under the effort of several generations of Xiangya hematologists over the past more than half a century. It was designated by the Ministry of Health as a national blood physician training base in 1980. Our department was authorized to confer clinical internal medicine master’s degree in 1981, to confer clinical internal medicine doctoral degree in 1993 and as a clinical internal medicine post-doctoral station in 2002. We were awarded the national clinical key specialty by the National Ministry of Health in 2011. Currently, we have 6 senior, 7 associate, 12 intermediate, and 4 primary professionals and 2 doctoral, 6 master tutors. The former directors, in sequential, are Professor Zhenyuan Qi, Xueyuan Li, Ping Cao, Zhenhua Qi, and Fangping Chen. At present, the director is Professor Xiaolin Li, who is also the chairman of Hunan Province Society of Hematology, the director of Hemophilia Diagnosis and Treatment Center of Hunan Province, the director of Hemophilia Medical Record Information Management Center of the National Ministry of Health, the standing editorial board member of China Journal of Modern Medicine and China Biotechnology as well. He has engaged in clinical work of blood diseases for 34 years and has accumulated rich experience in diagnosis and treatment of blood system diseases, especially in lymphoma and other blood system malignant diseases. There are 3 wards (including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center) with 101 beds and 8 specialized laboratories in total. (Bone Marrow Morphology / Pathology Room, Thrombosis and Haemostasis Laboratory, Flow Cytometry Measure Room, Cytogenetic Room, FISH Laboratory, Molecular Biology Laboratory, Anemia Examination Room and Cell Biology Room). As the largest blood diseases specialty in Hunan province and one of the largest diagnosis and treatment center of blood diseases in central south region, our department covers medical service, teaching and scientific research, has established a remote consultation network of hematological difficult diseases which covers all Hunan area. Our comprehensive strength has reached the domestic advanced level.